Image from friendsfoodreview.com
Since this is easy container gardening, I'm sticking with the easiest.
In addition, it's late in the season, so you can start the items I suggest below, but I wouldn't venture out of what's listed. This is fall/winter gardening, people.
Your options (listed from easiest and least time consuming, to most difficult and time consuming)
Lettuce- (leaf lettuce is the easiest)
Peas- (these need a good amount of sun however)
Mint (grow this in its own container, or it will take over)
Most any of the above can be put together in your pot except the mint. Pick your favorite herbs and plant about four in one pot.
(picture from mindbodysmile.com)
Go ahead and plant your new balcony garden! Make sure to add lots of water after planting. If you chose cilantro, be very gentle with the roots.
Tomorrow's post will be tips on how to not kill your new plants.